Prelims 2022

Q. Consider the following statements:

1. Bidibidi is a large refugee settlement in north-western Kenya.
2. Some people who fled from South Sudan civil war live in Bidibidi.
3. Some people who fled from civil war in Somalia live in Dadaab refugee complex in Kenya.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 only
c) 2 and 3
d) 3 only

Correct Answer: c) 2 and 3

Question from UPSC Prelims 2022 GS Paper

Explanation : 

Bidibidi Refugee Settlement: Location and Population

The correct answer is indeed 2 and 3. Here’s why:
Bidibidi is a large refugee settlement, but it is not located in north-western Kenya. Bidibidi is actually in Uganda, near the border with South Sudan. Therefore, statement 1 is incorrect.

The Growth of Bidibidi as a Refuge for South Sudanese

Bidibidi has indeed become a home for many people who fled the civil war in South Sudan. Since its establishment, it has grown to become one of the largest refugee settlements in the world, hosting hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese refugees. Therefore, statement 2 is correct.

Dadaab Refugee Complex in Kenya

The Dadaab refugee complex is indeed located in Kenya, and it has historically hosted a large population of refugees from Somalia, who have been fleeing the ongoing conflict and instability in their country. Dadaab has been one of the world’s largest refugee camps for many years. Therefore, statement 3 is correct.

In summary, Bidibidi is in Uganda and hosts South Sudanese refugees (making statement 2 correct), and Dadaab is in Kenya and has hosted Somali refugees (making statement 3 correct).

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