Prelims 2021

Q. ‘R2 Code of Practices’ constitutes a tool available for promoting the adoption of

a) environmentally responsible practices in electronics recycling industry
b) ecological management of Wetlands of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention
c) sustainable practices in the cultivation of agricultural crops in degraded lands
d) ‘Environmental Impact Assessment’ in the exploitation of natural resources

Correct Answer: a) environmentally responsible practices in electronics recycling industry

Question from UPSC Prelims 2021 GS Paper

Explanation : 

R2 Code of Practices

The “R2 Code of Practices” refers to the Responsible Recycling (“R2”) standard for electronics recyclers. This set of voluntary principles and guidelines is designed to help ensure that electronics are recycled with a high level of environmental responsibility. The R2 standard covers areas such as worker health and safety, environmental protection, data security, and the overall management of the recycling process.

The R2 standard was developed by a multi-stakeholder group that included representatives from the electronics recycling industry, public interest groups, and government agencies. The goal of the R2 standard is to provide a common set of processes, safety measures, and documentation requirements for businesses involved in electronics recycling. This helps to promote best practices in the industry and provides a level of assurance that electronics are being recycled in an environmentally and socially responsible manner.

Commitment to Environmental and Social Responsibility

By adhering to the R2 standard, electronics recyclers can demonstrate their commitment to:

  • Protecting the environment by managing toxic substances responsibly.
  • Ensuring the health and safety of workers throughout the recycling process.
  • Securing personal and sensitive data stored on electronic devices to prevent data breaches.
  • Implementing a quality management system that promotes continuous improvement.

The R2 standard is recognized globally, and certification to this standard is often sought by electronics recyclers to validate their practices and to gain a competitive advantage in the market. It is a tool that promotes the adoption of environmentally responsible practices in the electronics recycling industry, which is why it is the correct answer to the question provided.

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