Prelims 2021

Q. With reference to 8th August, 1942 in Indian history, which one of the following statements is correct?

a) The Quit India Resolution was adopted by the AICC.
b) The Viceroy’s Executive Council was expanded to include more Indians.
c) The Congress ministries resigned in seven provinces.
d) Cripps proposed an Indian Union with full Dominion Status once the Second World War was over.

Correct Answer: a) The Quit India Resolution was adopted by the AICC.

Question from UPSC Prelims 2021 GS Paper

Explanation : 

Quit India Movement

On 8th August 1942, a pivotal event occurred in the Indian independence movement. The All India Congress Committee (AICC) adopted the Quit India Resolution, signaling the commencement of the Quit India Movement, also known as the ‘Bharat Chhodo Andolan’. This movement was characterized by civil disobedience with the ultimate goal of ending British rule in India.

The resolution was passed during the Bombay session of the AICC at Gowalia Tank Maidan, which is also known as August Kranti Maidan. The movement was spearheaded by Mahatma Gandhi, who delivered the iconic “Do or Die” call to action in his speech, encouraging Indians to engage in non-violent resistance against the British.

Other Historical Events in Context

It’s important to distinguish the Quit India Movement from other historical events in Indian history. While the Viceroy’s Executive Council was expanded to include more Indians, this was not associated with the events of 8th August 1942.

Similarly, the resignation of Congress ministries in seven provinces occurred in 1939, as a reaction to the Viceroy’s decision to involve India in World War II without consulting Indian leaders.

Furthermore, the proposal of an Indian Union with full Dominion Status after the Second World War was made by Sir Stafford Cripps during the Cripps Mission in March-April 1942. However, this proposal was ultimately rejected by Indian leaders as it did not satisfy the demand for immediate independence nor did it provide a definite timeline for the cessation of British rule.

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