Prelims 2023

Q47. Consider the following pairs:
Area of conflict mentioned in news-Country where it is located

1. Donbas – Syria
2. Kachin – Ethiopia
3. Tigray – North Yemen

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?
a. Only one
b. Only two
c. All three
d. None

Question from UPSC Prelims 2023 GS Paper

Explanation : 

Correct Answer – d

  1. Donbas is located in Ukraine, not Syria.
  2. Kachin is located in Myanmar, not Ethiopia.
  3. Tigray is located in Ethiopia, not North Yemen.

Conflict Zones Overview


  • Location: Eastern Ukraine
  • Conflict: Armed conflict between Ukrainian government forces and pro-Russian separatist groups.
  • Background: The conflict began in 2014, following Russia’s annexation of Crimea. Pro-Russian separatists in Donbas declared independence, leading to clashes with Ukrainian forces.


  • Location: Northern Myanmar
  • Conflict: Ongoing ethnic conflict between the Myanmar government and the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), an armed ethnic group seeking autonomy for the Kachin people.
  • Background: The conflict has roots in historical ethnic tensions and the desire for autonomy among various ethnic groups in Myanmar.


  • Location: Northern Ethiopia
  • Conflict: Tigray War involving Ethiopian federal forces and allied Eritrean forces against the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).
  • Background: The conflict erupted in 2020, fueled by political and ethnic tensions, leading to widespread displacement and humanitarian concerns.
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