Prelims 2023

Q77. Consider the following statements regarding the Indian squirrels:

1. They build nests by making burrows in the ground.
2. They store their food materials like nuts and seeds in the ground.
3. They are omnivorous.

How many of the above statements are correct?
a. Only one
b. Only two
c. All three
d. None

Question from UPSC Prelims 2023 GS Paper

Explanation : 

Correct Answer – b. Only two

Indian squirrels

Indian squirrels belong to the family Sciuridae and are native to the Indian subcontinent. They are small to medium-sized mammals known for their agility, bushy tails, and strong hind legs. There are several species of squirrels found in India, such as the Indian palm squirrel, Malabar giant squirrel, and Himalayan striped squirrel. Here is a detailed explanation of the given statements:

1. Indian squirrels build nests in trees: Indian squirrels are arboreal creatures, which means they spend most of their lives in trees. They build their nests, called dreys, in tree branches. Dreys are made from twigs, leaves, and other plant materials, providing a warm and safe place for squirrels to rest, sleep, and raise their young. They do not make burrows in the ground like some other mammals, such as rabbits or ground squirrels.

2. Nuts are their main food source throughout the year, particularly when they are hunkering down for winter.  These creatures store them by burying them underground so they can retrieve them later when it turns to winter.

3. Indian squirrels are omnivorous: As mentioned earlier, Indian squirrels have a diverse diet, feeding on both plant and animal matter. This makes them omnivorous creatures. Their diet primarily consists of fruits, nuts, seeds, and flowers, but they also consume insects, small birds, and eggs when available. This adaptability in their diet allows them to thrive in various habitats, from dense forests to urban areas.

More Question:
UPSC Factory App
Get everything you need for upsc preparation with just one click! Install now!