Prelims 2023

Q82. With reference to ancient India, consider the following statements:

1. The concept of Stupa is Buddhist in origin.
2. Stupa was generally a repository of relics.
3. Stupa was a votive and commemorative structure in Buddhist tradition.

How many of the statements given above are correct?
a. Only one
b. Only two
c. All three
d. None

Question from UPSC Prelims 2023 GS Paper

Explanation : 

b. Only two

1. Stupas may have originated as pre-Buddhist tumuli in which śramaṇas were buried in a seated position called chaitya. Stupa – Wikipedia

2. Stupa was generally a repository of relics. It often contained the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns, sacred texts, or other relics associated with the Buddha and his teachings. The purpose of a stupa was to enshrine and preserve these relics, which were considered sacred.

3. Stupa was a votive and commemorative structure in the Buddhist tradition. It served as a place for meditation, worship, and veneration of the Buddha and his teachings. The construction of stupas was considered a meritorious act, and they were often built to commemorate significant events, such as the Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, or passing away.

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