CSAT 2023

Q. Along with sustainable lifestyles, climate justice is regarded as a significant principle in environmental parlance.

Both the principles have bearings on political and economic choices of the nation. So far, in our climate change summits or compacts, both the principles have eluded consensus among nations. Justice, in the judicial sense, is well defined. However, in the context of climate change, it has scientific as well as socio-political connotations. The crucial question in the next few years will be how resources, technologies and regulations are used to support the victims of climate change. Justice in climate is not confined to actions relating to mitigation, but includes the wider notion of support for adaptation to climate change and compensation for loss and damage.

Q. Which one of the following statements best reflects the most logical, rational and crucial message conveyed by the passage? 
(a) Climate justice should be ingrained in detail in the rules of all the new climate compacts/agreements.
(b) Environmental resources are unevenly distributed and exploited across the globe.
(c) There is an impending issue of dealing with a huge number of climate change victims/climate refugees.
(d) Climate change in all its connotations is mostly due to developed countries and therefore their share of burden should be more.

Question from UPSC Prelims 2023 CSAT

Model Answer:

Q1: Correct Answer – (a) Climate justice should be ingrained in detail in the rules of all the new climate compacts/agreements.

Explanation – 
The passage discusses the importance of climate justice in the context of climate change and the need for resources, technologies, and regulations to support the victims of climate change. This includes not only mitigation efforts but also adaptation and compensation for loss and damage. The statement that best reflects this message is that climate justice should be detailed in all new climate agreements.

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