Prelims 2022

Q. The world’s second tallest statue in sitting pose of Ramanuja was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India at Hyderabad recently. Which one of the following statements correctly represents the teachings of Ramanuja?

a) The best means of salvation was devotion.
b) Vedas are eternal, self-existent and wholly authoritative.
c) Logical arguments were essential means for the highest bliss.
d) Salvation was to be obtained through meditation.

Correct Answer: a) The best means of salvation was devotion.

Question from UPSC Prelims 2022 GS Paper

Explanation : 

Ramanuja: A Pioneering Theologian and Philosopher

Ramanuja was an influential theologian, philosopher, and one of the most important exponents of the Sri Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism. His philosophical foundations for devotionalism were influential to the Bhakti movement.

Ramanuja’s Teachings and Devotion to Vishnu

Ramanuja’s teachings focused on the importance of personal devotion to Vishnu as the supreme God and the use of the Lord’s grace in achieving salvation. He advocated for surrender to God (prapatti) and devotion (bhakti) as the best means to attain moksha, or liberation from the cycle of birth and death.

Therefore, the correct answer to the question is:
a) The best means of salvation was devotion.

More Questions:
UPSC Factory App
Get everything you need for upsc preparation with just one click! Install now!