Prelims 2023

Q9. Consider the following statements:

1. In India, the Biodiversity Management Committees are key to the realization of the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol.
2. The Biodiversity Management Committees have important functions in determining access and benefit sharing, including the power to levy collection fees on the access of biological resources within its jurisdiction.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Question from UPSC Prelims 2023 GS Paper

Explanation : 

Correct Answer c. -> Both statements are correct.

Biodiversity Management Committees and Nagoya Protocol in India

In India, the Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) are instrumental in achieving the goals of the Nagoya Protocol. This international agreement focuses on the fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from the use of genetic resources. BMCs, established at local levels, are pivotal in promoting the conservation, sustainable use, and documentation of biological diversity.

These committees are vital in implementing the Nagoya Protocol by facilitating access to genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge. They ensure that the benefits from their utilization are shared appropriately. Their role encompasses conservation efforts, sustainable usage of biodiversity, and managing the documentation of diverse biological resources.

Functions of Biodiversity Management Committees

The Biodiversity Management Committees play a significant role in access and benefit-sharing mechanisms. One of their key functions includes the authority to impose collection fees for accessing biological resources within their jurisdiction. This power is essential for regulating access to biological resources and associated traditional knowledge.

Moreover, BMCs are tasked with ensuring equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of these resources. The imposition of collection fees aids in generating revenue, which is then utilized for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. This approach aligns with the broader objectives of the Nagoya Protocol, promoting a balanced and fair distribution of benefits among all stakeholders involved in the utilization of biological resources.

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