Prelims 2023

Q10. Consider the following statements in respect of election to the President of India:

1. The members nominated to either House of the Parliament or the Legislative Assemblies of States are also eligible to be included in the Electoral College.
2. Higher the number of elective Assembly seats, higher is the value of vote of each MLA of that State.
3. The Value of vote of each MLA of Madhya Pradesh is greater than that of Kerala
4. The value of vote of each MLA of Puducherry is higher than that of Arunachal Pradesh because the ratio of total population to total number of elective seats in Puducherry is greater as compared to Arunachal Pradesh.

How many of the above statements are correct?

a. Only one
b. Only two
c. Only three
d. All four

Question from UPSC Prelims 2023 GS Paper

Explanation : 

Correct Answer – a

Election to the President of India

Statement 1 is false. Members nominated to either House of Parliament or the Legislative Assemblies of States are not eligible to be included in the Electoral College for the election of the President of India. Only elected members of both Houses of Parliament and the Legislative Assemblies of States are part of the Electoral College.

Statement 2 is false. The value of the vote of each MLA is not directly proportional to the number of elective Assembly seats. It is determined based on the population of the State and the number of elected seats in the Assembly. The formula to calculate the value of the vote of an MLA is:

Value of vote of an MLA = Total population of the State / Total number of elected members of the Assembly

Therefore, the value of the vote of each MLA is determined by the population of the State and not by the number of elective Assembly seats.

Vote MLA of MP – 131, Kerala ,152, Puducherry – 12, Arunachal – 8

Source – Electoral College (India) – Wikipedia

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