Prelims 2020

Q. Which one of the following protected areas is well-known for the conservation of a sub-species of the Indian swamp deer (Barasingha) that thrives well on hard ground and is exclusively graminivorous?

a) Kanha National Park
b) Manas National Park
c) Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
d) Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary
Correct Answer : a) Kanha National Park

Question from UPSC Prelims 2020 GS Paper

Explanation:

Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park, located in the Madhya Pradesh state of India, is well-known for the conservation of a sub-species of the Indian swamp deer, known as the Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii branderi). This particular sub-species is unique because it has adapted to thrive on hard ground, unlike other swamp deer that prefer marshy or swampy areas. This adaptation is significant because it showcases the evolutionary flexibility and resilience of the species. The Barasingha in Kanha National Park is exclusively graminivorous, meaning its diet consists solely of grasses.

Other Options

The other options listed:

  • Manas National Park is located in Assam and is known for its diverse wildlife, including the Indian rhinoceros, tigers, and various species of birds, but not specifically for the Barasingha.
  • Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu is renowned for its significant elephant population and diverse wildlife but again, not specifically for the Barasingha.
  • Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan is famous for its large population of blackbucks and various species of birds, particularly during the migration season, and not for the Barasingha.
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