Prelims 2021

Q. With reference to India, the terms ‘Halbi, Ho and Kui’ pertain to

a) dance forms of Northwest India
b) musical instruments
c) pre-historic cave paintings
d) tribal languages

Correct Answer: d) tribal languages

Question from UPSC Prelims 2021 GS Paper

Explanation : 

Tribal Languages – Halbi, Ho and Kui

The terms ‘Halbi, Ho, and Kui‘ pertain to tribal languages spoken by indigenous communities in India. These languages are not associated with dance forms, musical instruments, or pre-historic cave paintings. Here is a brief explanation of each language:

Halbi Language

Halbi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh, along with some regions of Maharashtra, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 42 scheduled tribal languages of India and serves as a lingua franca among various tribes in the Bastar area.

Ho Language

Ho is an Austroasiatic language spoken primarily by the Ho people of the Indian states of Jharkhand and Odisha, with smaller populations in West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, and Assam. It belongs to the Munda family of languages and is written in the Warang Citi script, although Devanagari and Roman scripts are also used.

Kui Language

Kui is a Dravidian language spoken by the Kondh people (also known as Kandha, Khond, or Khondh) in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. It is closely related to the Kuvi language and has a significant number of speakers, making it one of the more widely spoken tribal languages in Odisha.

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