Prelims 2023

Q16. With reference to coal-based thermal power plants in India, consider the following statements:

1. None of them uses seawater.
2. None of them is set up in water-stressed district.
3. None of them is privately owned.

How many of the above statements are correct?
a. Only one
b. Only two
c. All three
d. None

Question from UPSC Prelims 2023 GS Paper

Explanation :

Correct Answer – d. None

Tata Mundra Ultra Mega Power Plant, Gujarat

Located near the coast in Gujarat, the Tata Mundra Ultra Mega Power Plant is a notable example of a coal-based thermal power plant that utilizes seawater for cooling. This strategic use of seawater helps in mitigating the freshwater usage issue common in thermal power plants.

Singrauli Super Thermal Power Plant, Madhya Pradesh

In contrast, the Singrauli Super Thermal Power Plant in Madhya Pradesh exemplifies a plant situated in a water-stressed district. The region’s water scarcity has historically posed challenges for the plant, emphasizing the complex interplay between energy generation and environmental sustainability.

Privately Owned Coal-Based Power Plants

A prime example of privately owned coal-based thermal power in India is the Adani Power Plant in Mundra, Gujarat. Operated by Adani Power, a leading private company, this plant is part of a larger network of coal-based power plants across India, showcasing the role of private enterprises in the country’s energy sector.

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