Prelims 2023

Q55. Which one of the following is the best example of repeated falls in sea level, giving rise to present-day extensive marshland?

a. Bhitarkanika Mangroves
b. Marakkanam Salt Pans
c. Naupada Swamp
d. Rann of Kutch

Question from UPSC Prelims 2023 GS Paper

Explanation : 

d. Rann of Kutch

Rann of Kutch

is an exemplary illustration of the impact of repeated falls in sea level, leading to the formation of the present-day extensive marshland. This unique geographic feature is prominently situated in the Thar Desert, spanning across the Kutch District of Gujarat, India, and extending into the Sindh province of Pakistan.

Geographical Composition

The Rann of Kutch is broadly segmented into two principal areas: the Great Rann of Kutch and the Little Rann of Kutch. This division marks not just a geographical distinction but also highlights the diverse characteristics of each section.
Throughout history, the region has witnessed multiple fluctuations in sea level. These significant changes have been instrumental in shaping the extensive marshlands that characterize the area today.

Unique Ecosystem

These marshlands boast a unique ecosystem, providing a habitat for a variety of species. The flora and fauna here have remarkably adapted to the saline and arid conditions prevalent in the region, making it a subject of interest for both ecological and geographical studies.

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