2022 GS4 Answer

Q. What do you understand by term ‘good governance’? How far recent initiatives in terms of e-Governance steps taken by the State have helped the beneficiaries? Discuss with suitable examples.

Question from UPSC Mains 2022 GS4 Paper

Model Answer: 

Good governance

Good governance refers to the efficient, effective, transparent, accountable, and participatory management of public affairs. It aims to ensure that the government serves the best interests of the people, and that it is responsive to their needs and aspirations. Good governance is characterized by the rule of law, respect for human rights, and the promotion of social and economic development.

In recent years, the Indian government has taken several initiatives in the field of e-governance to improve the delivery of public services and to promote good governance. These initiatives have aimed to leverage technology to enhance transparency, accountability, and efficiency in government operations.

Digital India Program

One of the most significant e-governance initiatives in India is the Digital India program, launched in 2015. The program aims to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy by providing universal access to digital infrastructure, digital services, and digital literacy. The program has several flagship initiatives, including the National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN), e-Kranti, and the BharatNet project.

Aadhaar Program

Another notable initiative is the Aadhaar program, which provides a unique identification number to every Indian citizen. Aadhaar is linked to various government services, such as banking, mobile phone services, and welfare schemes, to improve service delivery and reduce fraud.

These e-governance initiatives have had a significant impact on the beneficiaries. For example, the NOFN project has enabled the provision of broadband connectivity to more than 250,000 gram panchayats (local government bodies) in India. This has improved access to information, education, and healthcare services in rural areas.

Similarly, the Aadhaar program has facilitated the delivery of government services to millions of people who were previously excluded from the formal banking and welfare system. It has also reduced leakages and corruption in welfare schemes by ensuring that the benefits reach the intended beneficiaries.

In conclusion, good governance is essential for the sustainable development of any country, and e-governance initiatives can play a crucial role in promoting good governance. The Indian government’s recent initiatives in the field of e-governance have helped to improve service delivery, increase transparency, and reduce corruption. While there are still challenges to be addressed, such as privacy concerns and the digital divide, these initiatives have undoubtedly had a positive impact on the lives of the beneficiaries.

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