2023 GS4 Answer

Q. Do not hate anybody, because that hatred that comes out from you must, in the long run, come back to you. If you love, that love will come back to you, completing the circle.” – Swami Vivekanand.

Question from UPSC Mains 2023 GS4 Paper

Model Answer: 

Principle of Karma

The quote from Swami Vivekananda, a renowned spiritual leader from India, encapsulates the principle of Karma, a fundamental concept in Indian philosophy. Karma, in simple terms, is the law of cause and effect. It suggests that every action, whether positive or negative, will eventually have a corresponding consequence. This quote emphasizes the importance of love over hatred, as the feelings we harbor and express towards others will ultimately affect us in the long run.

Importance of Positive Emotions

Swami Vivekananda’s quote underscores the importance of fostering positive emotions like love. Love, according to Indian philosophy, is a powerful force that can heal, unite, and foster harmony. Spreading love not only benefits the recipient but also enriches the giver’s life.

The Destructive Power of Hatred

Hatred, on the other hand, is seen as a destructive force in Indian philosophy. It breeds negativity, causes pain, and can lead to violence and conflict. Moreover, harboring hatred can harm the hater’s mental and physical health.

The Cycle of Emotions

The quote also alludes to the cyclical nature of emotions. The feelings we express towards others do not simply disappear into the ether. Instead, they create a ripple effect, impacting the people around us and eventually circling back to us.


In conclusion, Swami Vivekananda’s quote is a profound reminder of the power of our emotions and actions. It urges us to choose love over hatred, as our feelings and actions will inevitably come back to us. This principle, deeply rooted in Indian philosophy, encourages us to foster positive emotions for our own well-being and the well-being of those around us. It serves as a guiding principle for leading a fulfilling and harmonious life.

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