2022 GS4 Answer

Q. Write short notes on the following in 30 words each :
(i) Constitutional morality
(ii) Conflict of interest
(iii) Probity in public life
(iv) Challenges of digitalization
(v) Devotion to duty

Question from UPSC Mains 2022 GS4 Paper

Model Answer: 

Constitutional Morality

Constitutional morality refers to adherence to the principles enshrined in the Constitution, including respect for fundamental rights, democracy, and rule of law, even in the absence of specific laws or rules. It requires citizens to act in a manner that promotes the values of the Constitution

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of interest refers to a situation where an individual or organization has competing interests, loyalties, or obligations that could potentially affect their ability to make impartial decisions. It can lead to a breach of trust and undermine the integrity of institutions and public officials.

Probity in Public Life

Probity in public life refers to the ethical conduct and integrity of public officials in the discharge of their duties. It encompasses honesty, transparency, accountability, and adherence to legal and ethical norms. Probity is essential for maintaining public trust in democratic institutions.

Challenges of Digitalization

The challenges of digitalization include the digital divide, cyber threats, privacy concerns, and the impact of automation on employment. Digitalization has the potential to improve efficiency and access to services but requires careful consideration of the social, economic, and political implications.

Devotion to Duty

Devotion to duty refers to a sense of responsibility, commitment, and dedication to fulfilling one’s obligations and responsibilities. It is essential for effective governance, public service, and leadership. Devotion to duty requires individuals to act in the public interest, with integrity and accountability.

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