2022 GS3 Answer

Q. The increase in life expectancy in the country has led to newer health challenges in the community. What are those challenges and what steps need to be taken to meet them ?

Question from UPSC Mains 2022 GS3 Paper

Model Answer: 

Life expectancy has been increasing globally, which is a remarkable achievement. However, this increase in life expectancy has also brought with it new health challenges that need to be addressed. In this answer, we will discuss the challenges and the steps that need to be taken to meet them.

Challenges due to increase in life expectancy:

Aging population: The increase in life expectancy has led to a larger population of older adults who have specific health needs and require more medical attention.
Chronic diseases: With longer lifespans, chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer are becoming more prevalent.
Mental health issues: The aging population is also more susceptible to mental health problems such as dementia and depression.
Healthcare infrastructure: The existing healthcare infrastructure may not be equipped to handle the increasing demand for healthcare services.

Steps to meet the challenges:

Increased healthcare funding: The government should allocate more funds to healthcare to address the increasing demand for healthcare services.
Focus on preventive care: The focus should be on preventive care rather than reactive care. Preventive care can help reduce the incidence of chronic diseases and improve overall health.
Improved access to healthcare: Improved access to healthcare can help address the healthcare infrastructure’s inadequacies and reduce the burden on existing healthcare facilities.
Health education: Health education can help raise awareness about healthy living practices and encourage individuals to take proactive steps to maintain good health.
Mental health support: Mental health support services should be provided to older adults to address the increasing prevalence of mental health issues.
Training healthcare professionals: Healthcare professionals should be trained to provide specialized care for the aging population and manage chronic diseases effectively.


The increase in life expectancy has brought about new health challenges that need to be addressed. By increasing healthcare funding, focusing on preventive care, improving access to healthcare, providing health education, providing mental health support, and training healthcare professionals, we can meet these challenges effectively. It is essential to act now to ensure that older adults can live healthy and fulfilling lives.

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