2021 GS1 Answer

Q. To what extent did the role of the moderates prepare a base for the wider freedom movement? Comment.

Question from UPSC Mains 2021 GS1 Paper

Model Answer: 

Role of the Moderates in India’s Freedom Movement

The moderates were a group of leaders within the Indian National Congress who advocated for reform within the British colonial system rather than outright independence. They played an important role in laying the groundwork for the wider freedom movement that would eventually lead to India’s independence.

Here are some of the ways in which the role of the moderates prepared a base for the wider freedom movement:

Laying the foundations of political organization: The moderates played a key role in building political organizations and creating a platform for political expression. The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume, a moderate leader. The Congress provided a platform for political leaders to express their views and organize political movements.

Creating a political consciousness: The moderates helped to create a sense of political consciousness among the Indian masses. They raised awareness about the injustices of British colonialism and mobilized people to demand greater rights and representation. They advocated for democratic institutions, civil liberties, and an end to discriminatory policies.

Developing a culture of political activism: The moderates encouraged a culture of political activism and resistance to colonial rule. They organized public meetings, rallies, and protests against British policies. This helped to build a sense of solidarity and resistance among the Indian people.

Advocating for social and economic reforms: The moderates advocated for social and economic reforms that would benefit the Indian masses. They fought against caste discrimination, the oppression of women, and the exploitation of workers. They also advocated for greater economic opportunities and access to education.

Creating a vision for India’s future: The moderates helped to create a vision for India’s future as a free and democratic country. They articulated a vision of India as a modern, progressive, and prosperous nation that would be able to take its place on the world stage.

In conclusion, the role of the moderates was crucial in laying the groundwork for the wider freedom movement in India. They created a political consciousness, developed a culture of political activism, advocated for social and economic reforms, and created a vision for India’s future. Without the work of the moderates, it is unlikely that India would have been able to achieve independence from British colonial rule.

More Questions:
UPSC Factory App
Get everything you need for upsc preparation with just one click! Install now!